The Fascinating History of Winemaking in Georgia 1

The Fascinating History of Winemaking in Georgia

The Ancient Practice of Winemaking in Georgia

Winemaking is deeply entrenched in the Georgian culture and is practiced to this day. In fact, it was in Georgia where the practice of making wine first originated. Archeological discoveries of grape pits and wine-making equipment date back to 6,000 BCE, proving that Georgia is the cradle of winemaking. The ancient tribes of the region produced wine through a process of fermentation in clay jars called Qvevri, which are still used today. The Qvevri method was so effective that it has been declared an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. Deepen your knowledge of the subject by checking out this external resource we’ve specially selected for you. Discover this valuable reading, discover supplementary information and fresh perspectives on the topic.

The Unique Georgian Winemaking Techniques

Georgia’s winemaking has a unique process that makes their wine distinct from others. The first step in making Georgian wine is to crush the grapes and then store them with skins, seeds, and stems inside the Qvevri and buried underground. The wine is left to ferment naturally, utilizing yeast that is present on the grape skin. The wine ferments for a few weeks before maturing for several months in the Qvevri. This process creates a thick layer of sediment at the bottom of the Qvevri, ensuring that the wine is clear and free of sediments. The wine is then bottled, without any added preservatives, creating pure, organic wine.

The Georgian Wine Varieties

Georgia is famous for its unique grape varieties, which are grown in different regions of the country. The most famous red grape varieties in Georgia are Saperavi, Aleksi Tsikhelishvili, and Tavkveri. Saperavi is the most common variety, which is used in both single-variety and blended wines. On the other hand, the most popular white grape varieties in Georgia are Kakhuri Mtsvane, Rkatsiteli, and Saprishvili. Kakhuri Mtsvane is a crisp, acidic wine, while Rkatsiteli is a versatile wine that is used in both single-variety and blended blends. Saprishvili is a rare white grape variety that is found in just a few Georgian vineyards.

The Significance of Wine in Georgian Culture

In Georgia, wine is more than just a beverage. It is an integral part of the country’s culture and tradition. Winemaking is steeped in religious significance, with the wine used in Christian rituals. It is also a sign of hospitality and friendship, with families often toasting to their guests with a glass of homemade wine. Wine plays a pivotal role in social events, such as weddings, feasts, and funerals. It is the national drink of the country and celebrated annually since 2014 on May 24th as National Wine Day.


Georgia’s winemaking history is a testament to the country’s rich cultural heritage, with wine ingrained in all aspects of Georgian life. The Qvevri method of winemaking has stood the test of time and is worshipped as an art form. The Georgian winemaking process, combined with the unique varietals of grapes grown in the country, creates wine that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Expand your knowledge about the topic discussed in this article by exploring the suggested external website. There, you’ll find additional details and a different approach to the topic. georgia wine tours

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